Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory


Monitoring case studies and overviews

  • T. Akindele, A. Bernstein, and E. Norman, Antineutrino Monitoring of Thorium Reactors, Journal of Applied Physics 120, 124902 (2016), doi: 10.1063/1.4963402.
  • M. Askins, et al, (WATCHMAN collaboration), The Physics and Nuclear Nonproliferation Goals of WATCHMAN: A WAter CHerenkov Monitor for Antineutrinos, (2015), arxiv: 1502.01132.
  • V. Bulaevskaya and A. Bernstein, Detection of Anomalous Reactor Activity Using Antineutrino Count Evolution over the Course of a Cycle, J Appl. Phys. 109, 11 (2011).
  • A. Bernstein, et al., Nuclear Security Applications of Antineutrino Detectors: Current Capabilities and Future Prospects, Science and Global Security 18, 3 (2010).
  • A. Bernstein and N. Bowden, Monitoring Reactors with Cubic Meter Scale Antineutrino Detectors, in Verifying Treaty Compliance - Limiting the Spread of Weapons of Mass Destruction, Avenhaus, Kyriakopoulos, Richard, Stein, Eds., Springer Berlin (2006).
  • A. Bernstein, Y. Wang, G. Gratta, and T. West, Nuclear reactor safeguards and monitoring with antineutrino detectors, Journal of Applied Physics 91 (7), 4672 (2002).
  • A. Bernstein, T. West, and V. Gupta, An Assessment of Antineutrino Detection as a Tool for Monitoring Nuclear Explosions, Science and Global Security 9 (3), 235 (2001).

Near-field reactor monitoring

  • T. Classen, A. Bernstein, N.S. Bowden, B. Cabrera-Palmer, A. Ho, G. Jonkmans, L. Kogler, D. Reyna, and B. Sur, Development of an advanced antineutrino detector for reactor monitoring, NIM A 771, 139 (2015).
  • N.S. Bowden, A. Bernstein, S. Dazeley, R. Svoboda, A. Misner, and T. Palmer, Observation of the Isotopic Evolution of Pressurized Water Reactor Fuel Using an Antineutrino Detector, J. Appl. Phys. 105 (2009).
  • A. Bernstein, N.S. Bowden, A. Misner, and T. Palmer, Monitoring the thermal power of nuclear reactors with a prototype cubic meter antineutrino detector, J. Appl. Phys. 103, 074905 (2008).

Water-based detectors

  • S. Dazeley, M. Askins, M. Bergevin, A. Bernstein, N. Bowden, P. Jaffke, S.D. Rountree, T.M. Shokair, and M. Sweany, A Search for Cosmogenic Production of Beta-neutron Emitting Radionuclides in Water, NIM A 821, 151 (2016).
  • S. Dazeley, A. Asghari, A. Bernstein, N.S. Bowden, and V. Mozin, A water-based neutron detector as a well multiplicity counter, NIM A 771, 32 (2015).
  • S. Dazeley, A. Bernstein, N.S. Bowden, and R. Svoboda, Observation of neutrons with a Gadolinium doped water Cherenkov detector, NIM A 607 (3), 616 (2009).
  • W. Coleman, A. Bernstein, S. Dazeley, R. Svoboda, Transparency of 0.2% GdCl3 doped water in a stainless steel test environment, NIM A 595 (2), 339 (2008).

Xenu and noble liquid experiments

  • M. Foxe, C. Hagmann, I. Jovanovic, A. Bernstein, K. Kazkaz, V. Mozin, S.V. Pereverzev, S. Sangiorgio, and P. Sorensen, Low-energy electron ionization and recombination model for a liquid argon detector, NIM A 771, 88 (2015).
  • T.H. Joshi, S. Sangiorgio, V. Mozin, E.B. Norman, P. Sorensen, M. Foxe, G. Bench, and A. Bernstein, Design and demonstration of a quasi-monoenergetic neutron source, NIM B 333, 6 (2014).
  • T.H. Joshi, S. Sangiorgio, A. Bernstein, M. Foxe, C. Hagmann, I. Jovanovic, K. Kazkaz, V. Mozin, E.B. Norman, S.V. Pereverzev, F. Rebassoo, and P. Sorensen, First measurement of the ionization yield of nuclear recoils in liquid argon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 171303 (2014).
  • S. Sangiorgio, T.H. Joshi, A. Bernstein, J. Coleman, M. Foxe, C. Hagmann, I. Jovanovic, K. Kazkaz, K. Mavrokoridis, V. Mozin, S. Pereverzev, and P. Sorensen, First demonstration of a sub-keV electron recoil energy threshold in a liquid argon ionization chamber, NIM A 728, 69 (2013).
  • C. Hagmann and A. Bernstein, Two-phase emission detector for measuring coherent neutrino nucleus scattering, IEEE TNS 51, 2151 (2004).